Eueides libitinaMargarita Beltrán and Andrew V. Z. Brower
Etymology: Libitina was the Roman goddess of funerals, corpses and death. Her name was also a synonym for death (Libitina).
Early stages: Eggs cream coloured and approximately 1 x 0.9 mm (h x w). Females usually place 1 to 3 eggs under older leaves of the host plant. Mature larvae have a black body with orange and yellow stripes and white bands, with black and white scoli and head; length is around 1.7 cm (Brown, 1981).
Eueides libitina is distributed from Guyane to the Northwest Amazon. The map below shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests.
Named geographical races are as follows:
- Eueides libitina libitina Staudinger, 1885 - Guianas
- Eueides libitina malleti Lamas, 1998 - southeastern Colombia to northern Peru
- illustrations of a paratype of this subspecies: Eueides libitina malleti paratype dorsal, Eueides libitina malleti paratype ventral
Brown K. S. 1979. Ecologia Geográfica e Evolução nas Florestas Neotropicais. 2 vols. (Tese apresentada à Universidade Estadual de Campinas como parte das exigências de um Concurso de Livre Docência, area de Ecologia). Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Lamas, G. 1998 Comentarios taxonómicos y nomenclaturales sobre Heliconiini neotropicales con designación de lectotipos y descripción de cuatro subespecies nuevas (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae). Rev. Per. Ent. 40, 111-125.
Lamas, G. (ed.) 2004 Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Libitina. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libitina [Accessed Aug 16, 2008].
Staudinger O. 1885 I. Theil. Exotische Tagfalter in systematischer Reihenfolge mit Berücksichtigung neuer Arten. In: Staudinger, O. & E. Schatz, 1884-1892, Exotische1-5 (early June 1884), (2): 7-10, pls. -58, pls. 36-40 (early April 1885), (9/10): 59-82, pls. 41-50 (mid August 1885), (11/12): 83-102, pls. 51-60 (mid November 1885), (13): 103-122.
About This Page
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Margarita Beltrán at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 25 February 2009
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2009. Eueides libitina http://tolweb.org/Eueides_libitina/72964/2009.02.25 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 25 February 2009 (under construction).