Eueides proculaMargarita Beltrán
Etymology: Saint Procula or Claudia Procula was, according to Christian legend, the wife of Pontius Pilates. In the bible the book of Matthew mentions once, but does not name, Pilate's wife who advises him to 'have nothing to do with that just man', having been disturbed by a dream she had about Christ (Matthew Chapter 7, verse 19)(Procula).
Early stages: Eggs cream coloured and approximately 0.8 x 0.8 mm (h x w). Females usually place eggs singly under older leaves of the host plant. Mature larvae have a black body with yellow bands and stripes, with black scoli and black and white head; length is around 2 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious in small groups (Brown, 1981).
Eueides procula is distributed from Central America to the North Andes. The map below shows an approximate representation of the geographic distribution of this species. The original data used to draw these maps are derived from Brown (1979) which is available at Keith S. Brown Jr. (1979). Ecological Geography and Evolution in Neotropical Forests.
E. procula occurs from sea level to 2,000 m in forests near streams. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the canopy (Brown, 1981).
Hostplant: E. procula larvae feed primarily on plants from the genus Passiflora from the subgenus Granadilla section Quadrangulares, Digitales, and Laurifoliae (Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica E. p. vulgiformes larvae feed on Erblichia odorata (Turneraceae) (DeVries, 1997).
Brown K. S. 1979. Ecologia Geográfica e Evolução nas Florestas Neotropicais. 2 vols. (Tese apresentada à Universidade Estadual de Campinas como parte das exigências de um Concurso de Livre Docência, area de Ecologia). Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
DeVries P. J. 1997 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.
Doubleday E. 1847 The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera: comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus. London, Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans. 1: 87-98, pls. 16-17 (9 July 1847), 99-106, pls. 18-19 (4 August 1847), 107-110, pls. 18*, 20 (1 September 1847), 111-118, pls. 21, 23 (4 October 1847), 119-124, pls. 22, 24 (2 November 1847), 125-132, pls. 25, 28 (2 December 1847), 133-136 (7 January 1848), 137-138 (3 February 1848)
Procula. Nation Master. http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Saint-Proculal [Accessed Aug 16, 2008].
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 04 September 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Eueides procula http://tolweb.org/Eueides_procula/72959/2008.09.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 04 September 2008 (under construction).