Dione monetaMargarita Beltrán
Etymology: MNEMOSYNE in Greek or MONETA in Latin was the goddess of memory and remembrance and the inventress of language and words. Mother of the Muses.
Early stages: Eggs are white and approximately 1.1 x 0.8 mm (h x w). Females usually place 1 to 20 eggs under leaves of the host plant. Mature larvae have a black body with yellow to green stripes and white spots, with black scoli and black and white head; length is around 1.2 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious (Brown, 1981).
Last instar larva and pupa of Dione moneta. Mexico City, Mexico. Images © Maria Franco
Dione moneta occurs in scrub and fields. Usually individuals fly rapidly. Females mate multiply, and adults roost at night in loose groups, lower than 2 m above ground on grass blades and leaves (Brown, 1981).
Hostplant: Dione moneta is polyphagous, and larvae feed primarily on plants from the subgenera Granadilla and Plectostemma (Passifloraceae) (Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica D. moneta larvae feed on Passiflora adenopoda, P. capsularis, Tetrastylis lobata (Passifloraceae) (DeVries, 1997).
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
DeVries P. J. 1997 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.
Mnemosyne. Theoi Greek Mythology. http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanisMnemosyne.html [Accessed 26 August 2008]
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University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
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- First online 21 February 2007
- Content changed 04 September 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Dione moneta http://tolweb.org/Dione_moneta/72862/2008.09.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 04 September 2008 (under construction).