Dione junoMargarita Beltrán
Etymology: Juno was a Roman goddess, the equivalent of the Greek Hera, queen of the gods. Juno was a majestical figure, wearing a diadem on her head. The peacock is her symbolic animal. Juno is also the guardian of the Empire's finances and considered the Matron Goddess of all Rome. The month of June was named after her (JUNO).
Early stages: Eggs are red and approximately 1 x 0.7 mm (h x w). Females usually place 60 to 100 eggs under leaves of the host plant. Mature larvae have a brown body with orange spots, with black scoli and head; length is around 0.1 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious (Brown, 1981).
Clockwise from top left: Dione juno courtship: Courting ritual. The male butterfly expands and flaps the wings in front of the female and flutters around. Mating pair. Female ovipositing. A cluster of eggs two days after they were laid. Mexico City, © Maria Franco
Clockwise from top left: Dione juno first instar larvae hatching 12 days after oviposition. Gregarious larvae four days after hatching. Freshhly moulted last instar larva. Gregarious last instar larvae. Mexico City, © Maria Franco
Clockwise from top left: Dione juno pupa about to eclose. Butterfly eclosing. Freshly eclosed butterfly expanding wings. Freshly eclosed butterfly with expanded wings. Mexico City, © Maria Franco
Dione juno occurs from sea level to 1200 m in open forests. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the middlestory. Adults roost in loose groups at night lower than 2 m above ground on grass blades and leaves (Brown, 1981, DeVries, 1997).
Hostplant: D. juno larvae feed primarily on plants from the genus Distephana, Tacsonia, Grandilla and Plectostema (Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica D. juno feed on Passiflora vitifolia, P. alata, P. platyloba, and P. edulis (DeVries, 1997).
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
Cramer P. 1979 De uitlandische Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amérique. Amsteldam, S. J. Baalde; Utrecht, Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonho-ven & Comp. 3(17/22): 1-128, pls. 193-264
DeVries P. J. 1997 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.
JUNO. UNRV Hystory. http://www.unrv.com/culture/major-roman-god-list.php [Accessed 2 Sept 2008]
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University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
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- First online 18 February 2007
- Content changed 04 September 2008
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita. 2008. Dione juno http://tolweb.org/Dione_juno/72863/2008.09.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 04 September 2008 (under construction).