HypanartiaAndrew V. Z. Brower and Niklas Wahlberg
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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IntroductionA fast-flying neotropical genus ranging from Mexico to Argentina. Many species occur in mid-elevations of the Andes.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe tree is based on the analysis of morphological features by Willmott et al. (2001).
Neild, A.F.E. (2008) The Butterflies of Venezuela. Part 2: Nymphalidae II (Acraeinae, Libytheinae, NYmphalinae, Ithomiinae, Morphinae), Meridian Publications, London
Willmott KR, Hall JPW, and Lamas G. 2001. Systematics of Hypanartia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae), with a test for geographic speciation mechanisms in the Andes. Syst. Entomol. 26: 369-399.
About This Page
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
University of Turku, Finland
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at and Niklas Wahlberg at
Page copyright © 2009 and Niklas Wahlberg
Page: Tree of Life Hypanartia Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower and Niklas Wahlberg. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 19 March 2007
- Content changed 21 April 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. and Niklas Wahlberg. 2009. Hypanartia http://tolweb.org/Hypanartia/70332/2009.04.21 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 21 April 2009 (under construction).