AphnaeinaeAndrew V. Z. Brower
- Aphnaeus (the Silver Spots)
- Apharitis (the Leopard Silverlines)
- Cigaritis (the Silver-lines)
- Spindasis (Silverlines or Barred Blues)
- Axiocerses (the Scarlets)
- Zeritis (the Checkered Gems)
- Chloroselas (Gems)
- Desmolycaena (Gems)
- Vansomerenia (Rogers' Gem)
- Lipaphnaeus (the Silver Speckles)
- Chrysoritis (South African Coppers)
- Phasis (the Foxtrot Coppers)
- Pseudaletis (the Fantasies)
- Tylopaedia (the King Copper)
- Argyraspodes (the Large Silver-Spotted Copper)
The list of included genera is based on Eliot (1973) with updates from Ackery et al. (1995). Eliot placed all genera in the Aphnaeus section except for Pseudaletis. The majority of species in this group are African, although some members of Apharitis and Spindasis extend to the Oriental region.
Eliot (1973) placed this taxon as a subordinate group within his Theclinae. In Corbet et al. (1992), he reduced Theclinae, Polyommatinae and Lycaeninae to tribes, and elevated Aphnaeini to a distinct tribe outside of Theclini within a more inclusive Lycaeninae, based on differences in larval morphology relative to the other lycaenine "tribes." According to R. K. Robbins (pers. comm.), Eliot's reduction in rank of these clades has not been accepted by most lycaenid researchers, because it limits the potential to further subdivide some of the extremely diverse contained clades, such as Eumaeini. Therefore, these four taxa are here ranked as subfamilies.
Ackery, P. R., Smith, C. R. & Vane-Wright, R. I. (ed.) 1995 Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.
Corbet, A. S., Pendlebury, H. M. & Eliot, J. N. 1992 The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Kuala Lumpur: Malayan Nature Society.
Eliot JN. 1973. The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative arrangement. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28: 371-505, 6 pls.
Heath, A. 1997 A review of African genera of the tribe Aphnaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Metamorphosis Suppl. 2: 1-60
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Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
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- First online 18 June 2007
- Content changed 24 April 2008
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Aphnaeinae http://tolweb.org/Aphnaeinae/106369/2008.04.24 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 24 April 2008 (under construction).