Alloteuthis subulataMichael Vecchione and Richard E. Young
IntroductionMaximum mantle length of A. subulata is 20 cm in males, 12 cm in females.
- Mantle long and narrow.
- Anterior ventral mantle margin shallowly curved.
- Tail long and pointed in adult females (length of posterior extension plus fins 66% of dorsal mantle length) and very long and spike-like in adult males (72% of dorsal mantle length).
- Fin width index (width of both fins as a percentage of dorsal mantle length) 23% in adult females and 10% in adult males.
- Posterior borders concave and extending along tail.
- Buccal crown
- Buccal lappets without suckers.
- Arm length medium to short.
- Arm suckers with 6 to 10 square teeth on dista1 half, smooth on proximal half.
- Left ventral arm hectocotylyzed, with 6 to 8 pairs of normal suckers proximally, followed distally by 2 longitudinal series of fine papillae.
- Tentacles short, delicate.
- Clubs small, narrow.
- Median manal suckers small.
Habitat and Biology
Usually associated with sandy and hard bottoms, occurring at depths down to 200 m. In the North Sea, males and females arrive together in inshore waters in early summer. The sole spawning season is restricted to June and July. Juveniles of 2 mm ML hatch after a few weeks; they first occur in plankton samples toward the end of July; after about 15 to 30 days they shift to the demersal life habits of the adults; by November, at an age of 3 months (size about 3 cm ML), they leave the North Sea until the following spring (size about 5 cm ML). Longevity is between 1 and 2 years. The species feeds on small and juvenile fishes.
Eastern Atlantic: North Sea and western Baltic Sea south to the Sahara Banks, extending into the Mediterranean Sea.
Other Names for Alloteuthis subulata
- Vernacular Names: En: European common squid, Fr: Casseron commun, Sp: Calamarín picudo, Local species names: Italy: Calamaretto
About This Page
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C. , USA
University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Michael Vecchione at
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- First online 02 September 2010
- Content changed 02 September 2010
Citing this page:
Vecchione, Michael and Richard E. Young. 2010. Alloteuthis subulata http://tolweb.org/Alloteuthis_subulata/52721/2010.09.02 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 02 September 2010 (under construction).